Friday, 7 March 2014

PROJECT BASED LEARNING in respect to NCF 2005

The Defining Characteristics of  PBL
Ø  Learning is driven by challenging, open-ended problems.
Ø  Students work in small collaborative groups.
Ø  Teachers take on the role as "facilitators" of learning

"The hope is that students, through (participation) in these activities, will come to understand the deeper structures of the disciplines that they are studying, not just the surface-level information that makes no useful sense unless given context by the deeper structure." 
Aims :
Ø  Project based learning (PBL) approach is an important and innovative method for teachers to provide for the requirements of students who face a continuously evolving global economy.
Ø  This   approach helps make learning relevant and is useful to students by establishing connections to life outside the classroom.
Ø  This also addresses   real world concerns, and helps the student to develop real world skills which ensures that our young Indians are prepared to play an important role in knowledge creation and sharing.
Ø  This helps steer the students’ path towards higher education and prepares them for a productive career path.
Ø  Learning has shifted from the traditional passive teacher-centric learning environment to a more productive and interactive student-directed learning environment.
This shift can  be achieved by the  consistent and sincere
efforts of  the teachers as  facilitators.
Project-Based Learning Method
Ø  PBL is a comprehensive instructional approach to engage students in sustained, cooperative investigation.
Ø  It focuses on the central concepts and principles of a discipline, involves students in problem solving investigations and other meaningful tasks that allows students to work   autonomously to construct their own knowledge, and culminates  in realistic products.
Ø  It encourages active inquiry and higher level thinking & develops critical thinking, problem solving, and collaborative skills in addition to content knowledge through  problem identification, formulation of  hypotheses, and data searches.
Ø  Fosters active learning by involving students in:
·         Asking and refining questions, asking new questions
·         Debating ideas
·         Making predictions
·         Designing plans and/or experiments
·         Collecting and analyzing data
·         Drawing conclusions
·         Communicating their ideas and findings to others and creating artifacts
Benefits of Project-Based Learning:
Motivation:    To enhance the learning   and mastery of the subject matter.
Improved library research skills:  To promote independent research and to provide an authentic and motivating context for students to develop information literacy skills.
Increased collaboration: To develop and practice collaboration and communication skills in an authentic environment because   learning is a  social phenomenon .
Increased resource management skills:  PBL gives students instruction and practice in planning projects, and in allocating time and other resources to complete tasks on schedule.
Learning to be an Expert: To ensure that young children become proficient at inquiry and problem solving   &  to simulate the conditions and become proficient at conducting investigations.
Elements of a good project based learning experience include:
  • A fertile question or issue that is rich, real and relevant to the students lives.
  • Student-directed learning  .
  • Multi-disciplinary components
  • Long term (more than 3 weeks) time frame
  • Outcomes-based, with an artefact, presentation, or action as a result of the inquiry.
"When teachers and their students are "connected" through project based learning the "world" becomes an indispensable curriculum resource.”

 

Structuring the project- Minimum Work to done


The teachers should start a project, assign students and may invite other teachers
The teacher should then attend to these aspects
·         Introduction of  the Project
·         Project Learning intention /  Objectives
·         Curriculum (Topic) & Standard (Class)
·          Sequence  of Activities Planned
·         Assessment Approach – Rubrics
·         List of Culminating Product /Project Findings
·         References
·         Project Relevant Pictures.


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